What are the Side Effects of IVF Treatment?

Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS)

Fertility drugs used to stimulate ovaries can cause OHSS, resulting in bloating, abdominal pain, and, in severe cases, fluid buildup in abdomen and chest.

Multiple Pregnancies:

IVF increases the likelihood of multiple pregnancies, such as twins or triplets, which can increase the risk of complications for both the mother and the babies.

Ectopic Pregnancy

IVF slightly raises the risk of ectopic pregnancies, where the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube.

Pain and Discomfort

Egg retrieval can cause pelvic discomfort, cramping, and mild pain.

Bleeding or Infection

Egg retrieval or embryo transfer might cause minor bleeding or, in rare cases, infection.

Emotional and Psychological Effects

The emotional toll of IVF can lead to stress, anxiety, and depression, especially if the treatment is unsuccessful.

Reaction to Medications

Fertility drugs used in IVF can sometimes cause side effects like mood swings, headaches, and breast tenderness.


The hormonal changes and emotional stress can lead to fatigue during the IVF process.

Financial and Time Commitment

IVF can be financially and emotionally demanding due to multiple cycles, doctor visits, and procedures.

Failure to Achieve Pregnancy

Despite the efforts, IVF may not always result in a successful pregnancy, leading to feelings of disappointment and grief.

Ovarian Complications

In rare cases, IVF can lead to ovarian torsion (twisting of the ovary) or ovarian rupture.

Long-Term Health Concerns

Some studies suggest a slightly increased risk of certain health issues, such as ovarian and breast cancers, although the evidence is not conclusive.

Before undergoing IVF, it's recommended to thoroughly discuss potential risks and side effects with your healthcare provider.